With around one in five UK children having some sort of special educational needs at some point in their school life, the SEND Code of Practice document (2014) aims to provide extensive support for pupils, teaching staff, and parents.
An enormously in-depth document, the SEND Code of Practice can be overwhelming to look at. But it gives practical guidance on policies and procedures aimed at enabling children with learning difficulties to reach their full potential. It covers issues such as inclusion, and offers support for children making the successful transition to adulthood. In the new edition of the Code which came into practice in 2014, the age range that it applies to has been extended up to 25 years of age, and it now calls on councils and local health partners to come up with a joint education, health and care (EHC) plan providing integrated support for children and young people with more complex needs than can be handled by their school alone. There are also changes to allow children and young people to have a budget for their needs.
Starting with the school years, the Code suggests a graduated response when dealing with special educational needs in school. This means that the recommended action depends on the seriousness of the special needs.
Here are the main types of action for a SEND child in a mainstream school:
SEN Support in Schools
Where a pupil is identified as having SEN, schools should take action to remove barriers to learning and put effective special educational provision in place. This should be a four-part cycle:
- Assess: analyse the child’s current performance, with information from teachers, parents and other supporters and professionals.
- Plan: the teacher and the special educational needs co-ordinator (SENCO) should agree, in consultation with the parent and the pupil, the adjustments, interventions and support to be put in place, as well as the expected impact on progress, development or behaviour, along with a clear date for review.
- Do: the teacher and teaching assistants put the plan in place, with support from the SENCO.
- Review: assess how the plan is working. If the child also has an EHC plan this must be done every 12 months.
While some children’s needs are met by their school, some need further input and assisstance, which is covered by an education, health and care (EHC) plan. Assessment is the step before the child can have an EHC plan, but does not necessarily mean the child will get one. It is a detailed investigation to find out more about the child’s special educational needs, and what provision is needed to meet those needs. It is conducted by the local authority and can take into account the views of professionals, parents and teachers.
Tips for parents
- It’s always best to approach the class teacher and special needs coordinator with any worries you may have. If you are still unhappy, arrange a meeting with the head teacher.
- Keep a record of all the meetings and actions taken. Write down any questions you may have, and make sure you understand what is discussed.
- Bring a ‘named person’ with you if you would like extra support. This person could be a friend, relative, or professional. Your Local Authority may have a list of volunteers who have been trained as named persons.
- Consult your child’s school’s special needs policy, as it will describe how to handle complaints. If you are still unhappy, try contacting the school’s Local Authority or governing body.
- Remember not to be afraid to ask questions or expect the very best care for your child.