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Look at each of the following pictures. Can you write a simple, compound and complex sentence to go with each one?
A main clause can stand on its own and make complete sense. It is a simple sentence. A subordinate clause depends on the main clause to make sense. The following sentences are all missing their main clauses. Can you write them in where you think they should go?
A subordinate clause contains a subject and a verb, but it needs to be attached to a main clause because it cannot make sense on its own. Clauses can be linked by conjunctions, prepositions and adverbs. Adverbs are used to show sequence (eventually, finally, meanwhile), contrast (however, on the other hand) or cause and effect (therefore, subsequently). Which of the red adverbs from inside the brackets above would fit into the sentences below?
Synonyms are words that have similar meaning. When we write a non-fiction text, we often need to use synonyms so that we do not keep repeating the same word. Read through this passage. Every underlined word can be paired a synonym (also underlined) in the text. Can you find all the pairs of synonyms?
Synonyms are words that have similar meaning; antonyms are words with opposite meanings. Each of the following sentences contains either a pair of synonyms or a pair of antonyms. Underline each pair of words and then write in the box beside it whether they are synonyms or antonyms.
Adjectives have three forms: positive, comparative and superlative. The comparative is used to compare one person or thing to another. The superlative form is used to compare one thing to all the others like it. Look at these sentences. Can you change the word in the box to its superlative form?
A subordinating conjunction introduces a subordinate clause (a clause that does not make sense on its own). Can you put each of these conjunctions into the gaps in the sentences below?
A simple sentence consists of just one clause. A compound sentence consists of two main clauses of equal weight joined by a conjunction. A complex sentence is made up of a main clause and one or more subordinate clauses. Conjunctions such as because, although, until are usually used to link the subordinate clauses to the main clause. Look at these sentences. Can you tick the right-hand column to show whether they are simple, compound or complex?
The past perfect is a verb tense that is used to describe an action that has occurred before another action in the past. Cut out these sentences. Which ones include verbs in the past perfect?
The past perfect is a verb tense used to describe an action that has occurred before another action in the past. Look at these pairs of sentences. Can you rewrite each one as a sentence that contains both the past perfect and the simple past tense?
The past perfect tense is used to describe an action that has occurred before another action in the past. Cut out these halves of sentences. Can you work out which past perfect tense first half should go with which past tense second half?
We use the past perfect to talk about an action that occurred before another action in the past. Can you write your own sentences in the past perfect?
Synonyms are words that have similar meaning. For example: ‘overjoyed’ is a synonym for ‘happy’. Cut out the following words. Can you match up the pairs of synonyms?
A clause is a group of words that contains a subject and a verb (a doing word). A main clause makes sense on its own. A subordinate clause is dependent on a main clause and does not make sense on its own. Cut out the (blue) main clauses, the (orange) conjunctions and the (purple) subordinate clauses. Match them up to make six sentences that make sense.
Conjunctive adverbs connect one clause to another. They are used to show sequence (eventually, finally,meanwhile), contrast (however, on the other hand) or cause and effect (therefore, subsequently). Can you finish the sentences below by writing a subordinate clause to add to the main clause and adverb given?
We link main clauses (which make sense on their own) and subordinate clauses (which depend on the main clause) using connectives. Connectives that join clauses can be conjunctions, prepositions and adverbs. Below is a main clause (in blue) followed by conjunctions (in orange). Can you complete each sentence with your own subordinate clauses?
Can you identify if these sentences are simple, compound or complex?
Verb tenses tell us when an action took place. The past perfect tense is used to describe an action that has occurred before another action in the past. Look at the following sentences. Can you underline the verbs that are in the past perfect?
A clause is a part of a sentence that contains a verb. A subordinate clause is one that is dependent on a main clause and does not make sense on its own. We use connectives to join two clauses. Read these sentences. Can you underline the main clause in blue, the subordinate clause in red and the conjunction in green?
We use superlative adjectives to compare one thing to all the others in the same category. Look at the adjectives in the left-hand column. Can you write the superlative form on the right-hand side?