What your child learns in Key Stage 2 maths

Girl working on maths problem with teacher
Think maths involves just adding, subtracting and times tables? Think again. Here’s a rundown of all the things your child will be learning in years 3 to 6.

During KS2 the children become much more confident with maths: they are adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing, as well as doing mental calculations and solving problems using time, measure or money. By the end of year 6 the children should have a secure grasp of their times tables up to 10. Calculators are introduced during this Key Stage, and the children are taught how to use them correctly.

What your child will learn:

  • • Order, partition and round numbers to three decimal places

    • Negative numbers

    • Factors and multiples

    • Prime numbers less than 100

    • Square numbers

    • Cube numbers (taught in Year 6 from September 2015)

    • All the times tables up to 12x12

    • Add, subtract, divide and multiply numbers of up to four digits

    • Know equivalents between decimals, fractions and percentages

    • Ratio and proportion

    • Algebra (taught in Year 6 from September 2015)

    • Problems involving decimals, fractions and percentages

    • Use of brackets

    • Read and plot coordinates

    • Measure and draw acute, obtuse, reflex and right angles

    • Calculate the sum of angles around a point, on a straight line and (only in Year 6 from 2015) in a triangle and quadrilateral

    • Calculate perimeter and area

    • Visualise and describe 2D and 3D shapes

    • Symmetry

    • Rotation, reflection and translation (rotation will no longer be taught under the new curriculum from September 2015)

    • Measure length, mass and capacity

    • Convert units of measurement

    • Tell the time from a 12- or 24-hour clock and calculate time intervals

    • Draw and interpret line graphs, bar charts, pie charts and pictograms

    • Calculate the mean, median and mode average, plus the range (from September 2015, only the mean will be taught, in Year 6)

    • Understand probability (until September 2015)