What your child learns in Key Stage 2 maths

Girl working on maths problem with teacher
Think maths involves just adding, subtracting and times tables? Think again. Here’s a rundown of all the things your child will be learning in Years 3 to 6.

During KS2 the children become much more confident with maths: they are adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing, as well as doing mental calculations and solving problems using time, measure or money.

By the end of Year 6 the children should have a secure grasp of their times tables up to 12. 

What your child will learn in KS2 maths:

  • Order, partition and round numbers to three decimal places
  • Negative numbers
  • Factors and multiples
  • Prime numbers less than 100
  • Square numbers
  • Cube numbers (taught in Year 6 from September 2015)
  • All the times tables up to 12x12
  • Add, subtract, divide and multiply numbers of up to four digits
  • Know equivalents between decimals, fractions and percentages
  • Ratio and proportion
  • Algebra (taught in Year 6 from September 2015)
  • Problems involving decimals, fractions and percentages
  • Use of brackets
  • Read and plot coordinates
  • Measure and draw acute, obtuse, reflex and right angles
  • Calculate the sum of angles around a point, on a straight line and (only in Year 6 from 2015) in a triangle and quadrilateral
  • Calculate perimeter and area
  • Visualise and describe 2D and 3D shapes
  • Symmetry
  • Rotation, reflection and translation (rotation will no longer be taught under the new curriculum from September 2015)
  • Measure length, mass and capacity
  • Convert units of measurement
  • Tell the time from a 12- or 24-hour clock and calculate time intervals
  • Draw and interpret line graphs, bar charts, pie charts and pictograms
  • Calculate the mean, median and mode average, plus the range (from September 2015, only the mean will be taught, in Year 6)
  • Understand probability (until September 2015)