Child safety today
Accidents are one of the biggest childhood killers in the UK, causing the death of five children and young people every week. The Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents (RoSPA) states that each year over one million children under the age of 15 are taken to A&E following accidents around the home.
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Scary reading, but if you compare this to figures from twenty years ago, a more positive picture emerges. The number of accidents is declining as are deaths. The world appears to be a much safer place, so is it unnecessary to wrap our children up in cotton wool? Or must we avoid becoming complacent?
Safety in the playground
Forty thousand children go to A&E each year from playground accidents. So should we avoid them? No, says RoSPA: “Play parks should be as exciting as possible and children should be able to climb. The key reason this is important is that if children have exciting places to go to, they will avoid looking for excitement in building sites and railways.”
Child safety online
One area that has changed over the last 20 years is that of child protection. Parents now have to deal with the dangers posed by the internet, too.
NSPCC head of child protection awareness Chris Cloke says, “Around half of young people who responded to an NSPCC poll said they had suffered an ‘unwanted experience’ while online. And previous research found that nearly half of young people (46 percent) gave out personal information – such as photos or phone numbers – to someone they met online.”
Safety in the home
The 0-4 age group is the most at risk of accidents in the homes, with falls accounting for the vast majority of accidents and fire causing the most deaths.
Improvements in product design and the more widespread use of safety devices such as smoke alarms has helped cut accidents. “Smoke alarms have had a massive impact but so have other measures – child resistant medicine bottles, safety gates and fire guards are more widely used,” says project director for Child Accident Prevention Trust Mike Hayes. “New homes now have safety glass in low level windows and doors. Safety products do make a difference.”
But as Mike says, it is not enough to rely on safety products: “Not everything can be addressed by safety products and parents still need to be made aware of dangers. Parents can’t become complacent. For example, although there is good evidence that thermostatic temperature valves work to prevent scalding, children can still drown in bath water.”
Road safety and children
Despite increased car usage, children today are much less likely to be hit or killed in a road traffic accident today than 20 years ago. Developments in medical care takes some credit, as do the introduction of lower speed limits in built-up areas, and improved design of cars, but the fact that children are far less likely to play out in the street also plays its part.
The Department of Transport advise that parents should begin to teach road safety as early as possible, and that by the age of five or six, parents can build up to letting children cross quiet roads near their home while watching from the pavement.