# Space and shape

From learning the names of 2D and 3D shapes, to calculating area, you'll find lots of space and shape worksheets here to help support learning at home, including properties of 2D shapes, horizontal, vertical, perpendicular and parallel lines, tessellation, measuring angles, shape nets, reflective symmetry, language of direction, calculating the areas of parallelograms and much more.

## Support your child's space and shape learning

Your child will be taught about the properties of the shapes in the world around them (primary geometry) from Reception to Year 6. To help them grasp this important skill, make sure you understand what each concept means. Need to explain the difference between equilateral, scalene, isosceles and right-angled triangles or calculate the volume of a 3D object? You'll find the answer here.

Then you can help your child practise each space and shape skill with a teacher-created worksheet, activity or game. Our printable PDF worksheets are in-line with National Curriculum objectives for each school year and cover all the core space and shape topics such as pentagons and hexagons or the perimeter and area of irregular shapes. Want to make it fun? Try a directions obstacle course, have a go at some 2D shape art or try some online activities like counting the edges, faces and vertices of a 3D shape or reflecting shapes in a vertical mirror line on a co-ordinates grid.

And you'll find even more great activities in our Primary Geometry: Shape and space pack.

### Articles

What are coordinates?
We explain what coordinates are and how children are taught to read and plot coordinates on a grid.
Teachers' tricks for shape, space and geometry
Throughout primary school children learn about the properties of the shapes in the world around them (primary geometry, in other words). Phoebe Doyle offers some insiders’ tips on helping them master shape and space maths targets.
What are right, acute, obtuse and reflex angles?
We explain what right, acute, obtuse and reflex angles are and how children are taught about different angles through KS1 and KS2.

### Tutorials

Recognising halves and quarters of a shape tutorial
In this tutorial our digital teacher will show you how to recognise halves and quarters of shapes. Then you can have a go at dividing shapes into halves and quarters.
Identifying acute and obtuse angles tutorial
Let our digital teacher show you how to identify acute and obtuse angles, then have a go yourself!
Comparing the volume of a cube and a cuboid tutorial
Let our digital teacher show you how to compare the volume of a cube and a cuboid, then see if you can answer the on-screen questions she sets.

### Worksheets

2D or 3D shape?
Cut out these shape names. Can you organise them into two piles, one for 2D and one for 3D? Look around the room. Can you find an object to match each shape card? Stick the card to the object with Blu Tack!
Calculating the perimeter and area of irregular shapes
A teacher-created KS2 worksheet on calculating the perimeter and area of irregular shapes to support your child's maths learning at home.

Once you know how to find the area of a rectangle, you can use this knowledge to find the area of irregular, compound shapes as long as they are made up of rectangles or squares. Can you calculate the area and perimeter of the shapes below?
Formulas for calculating area and volume of shapes
The quickest way to find the area of a 2D shape is to use a formula. Can you use the right formula to find the areas of these shapes? With 3D shapes we can also find the volume, which
means the quantity of space taken up by the shape. Can you use the right formula to find the volumes of these cuboids?
See all Space and shape worksheets here ►

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## Primary Geometry: shape and space

The tricky part of geometry, for many children, is the large amount of geometrical vocabulary that they will need to learn, remember and use correctly. This pack covers all the important concepts with 70 pages of information as well as lots of tips and fun activities that will help your child recognise shapes, measure angles and calculate area and perimeter with ease.

In your Primary Geometry: shape and space learning pack you'll find:

•     Essential vocabulary
•     Shape and space tips for parents
•     2D and 3D shapes
•     Turning through angles
•     Looking at cubes and cuboids
•     Writing directions, clockwise and anti-clockwise
•     Sequencing
•     Pentagons, hexagons, octagons, nonagons, polygons, decagons
•     Cylinders, cones and spheres
•     Angles
•     Carroll diagrams
•     Perimeter and area
•     Pyramids and triangular prisms
•     Nets and cubes