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Physical processes

Pythagorass theorem

Urderstanding physical processes is a core science learning objective throughout primary school.

In this section of the site you'll find worksheets to help your child understand and examine physical processes, such as electricity and morning and night.

And you'll find even more experiments to bring out the little Einstein in your child in our Experiments and science fun pack.

Plus, check out the fantastic Science Learning Journey for each year of primary school.


What is a force?
What is a force?
Without forces our world would be silent and immobile. We explain what children learn about forces in Year 3 and Year 5 in the primary-school classroom, and how you can support their learning with hands-on activities and experiments at home.
What is electricity?
What is electricity?
Circuit, cell, bulb, switch... Find out about the electrical terminology your primary-school child will be using in the classroom and try some hands-on activities to support learning about electricity at home.
What are states of matter?
What are states of matter?
Matter makes up our physical universe. In primary school children learn about the matter on Earth, which exists in one of three main states: solid, liquid or gas. We explain what your child is taught about states of matter in KS2 science.


All about springs worksheet
All about springs
A worksheet listing several statements about springs which children have to sort into 'true' and 'false' boxes.
The benefits of friction worksheet
The benefits of friction
Worksheet prompting your child to design a poster letting people know about the beneficial effects of friction.
Understanding light and dark
Understanding light and dark
A worksheet designed to help your child investigate and understand light and dark.
See all Physical processes worksheets here ►

Search all Physical processes worksheets by year 
Also see:

Science Learning Journey

Discover a complete learning programme that covers all the core science skills that your child must master by the end of each year of primary school. This comprehensive programme enables you to cover every topic in the curriculum with just one 10-minute worksheet every week at home.

Get started on the Science Learning Journey for your child's school year and by doing just a few minutes of fun work each week with your child at home, you will inspire their learning, fire up their hunger for knowledge… and ensure they’re not only on top of their lessons but brimming over with facts and actively contributing to classes.

Science pack

Experiments and science fun for KS1 and KS2

Packed with simple experiments, fun games (Muffled Chinese Whispers, anyone?) and parent-friendly science explanations, our Experiments and science fun for KS1 and KS2 learning pack is all you need to make primary science come to life for your child.The learning pack includes experiments to help your child understand:

  •     Waterproof materials
  •     Forces and motion
  •     How the body works
  •     Plant anatomy
  •     Dissolving and separating
  •     Light and shadow
  •     Germination
  •     Micro-organisms
  •     Sound and pitch
  •     Friction
  •     Ramps
  •     Filtering and sieving
  •     Thermal conduction and insulation

Understanding night and day

Learning about day and night and light and dark are topics your child will study in science at school. Why not try these at home to help your child understand these tricky concepts:


Visit the Homework Gnome

Click on the links below for child-friendly information about physical processes: