What your child learns in Key Stage 2 science
Science in Years 3 and 4
In Years 3 and 4, children will be encouraged to ask questions about scientific concepts and then carry out experiments to find out the answers. In doing this they will:
- learn what a 'fair test' is.
- take measurements from a range of equipment.
- gather and record data.
- report their findings orally and in writing.
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Science in Years 5 and 6
In Years 5 and 6, children will continue to practise the above skills, but with more depth and precision. When carrying out experiments they will:
- understand what variables are and how to control them.
- take measurements from a range of equipment, understanding the need for repeated measures to increase accuracy.
- gather and record data using labels, classification keys, tables, scatter graphs, bar and line graphs.
- use test results to make further predictions to set up further comparative and fair tests.
- make conclusions on the test carried out, orally and in writing.
Key Stage 2 science topics year by year
- Plants, including parts of plants, needs of plants and their life cycle.
- Animals, including humans, focusing on nutrition, skeletons and muscles.
- Rocks, including comparing rocks, looking at fossils and understanding how soil is made.
- Light, looking at how light is reflected, how shadows are formed and can change.
- Forces and magnets, focusing on attraction and repulsion of magnets, magnetic materials and the two poles of a magnet.
- Living things and their habitats, including classifying living things and looking at changes to environments.
- Animals, including humans, focusing on eating: teeth, the digestive system and food chains.
- States of matter, including grouping materials, changing state, evaporation and condensation.
- Sound, looking at creation of sound through vibration and changes in pitch and volume.
- Electricity, including constructing a circuit and understanding conductors and insulators.
- Living things and their habitats, including life cycles of a mammal, amphibian, insect and bird.
- Animals, including humans, focusing on changes from birth to old age.
- Properties and changes of materials, including dissolving, separating and reversible changes.
- Earth and space, looking at the movement of the sun, earth and moon.
- Forces, including gravity, air resistance, water resistance and friction.
- Living things and their habitats, including classifying micro-organisms, plants and animals.
- Animals, including humans, focusing mainly on diet and exercise.
- Evolution and inheritance, looking at fossils, reproduction and adaptation.
- Light, looking closely at how it travels and how shadows are made.
- Electricity, analysing the function of lamps, buzzers, cells and switches.