# Number square to 100

In KS1 maths your child will learn to calculate using a number square to 100. Print out our teacher-created versions (plain, jungle-themed and very colourful!) to help them practise addition and subtraction at home.
Keystage:  KS1, Year 1, Year 2

## What is a number square?

A number square, also known as a number grid or number chart, is a visual representation of numbers arranged in a grid format. Typically, it consists of rows and columns with numbers arranged sequentially from left to right and top to bottom.

## Why are number squares used for in primary school?

Number squares are used in primary schools for several reasons:

1. Number recognition: number squares help young children recognise and familiarise themselves with the sequence of numbers from 1 to 100 or beyond. This foundational skill is crucial for further mathematical learning.
2. Counting practice: number squares provide a structured format for children to practice counting by ones, twos, fives, or tens. This helps them develop fluency in counting and understanding number patterns.
3. Number patterns: by visually seeing numbers arranged in a grid, children can identify and explore various number patterns, such as diagonal patterns, rows, columns, and skip counting.
4. Addition and subtraction: number squares are useful for introducing basic addition and subtraction concepts. Children can use the grid to visually represent adding or subtracting numbers and understand the relationship between numbers.
5. Introduction to multiplication: number squares can also be used to introduce basic multiplication concepts, such as identifying multiples of a number or finding patterns in multiplication tables.

## How to use our number squares to 100

Print out our three number squares to help your child practise calculations at home, and find out more about how a number square is used in the primary-school classroom. You can use them for various activities (learning addition, multiplying etc.) and you can stick them up around the home to help with larger number recognition.

If you are planning to use a number square to help with times tables practice in KS2, download our free multiplication square.