What your child learns in Year 5 maths, English and science

Understanding the new things your child will be learning in Year 5 can prepare both of you for the months ahead, and make homework sessions much easier. Read our quick guide to Year 5 maths, English and science to be ready for the new challenges.

As your child progresses in their primary education, they’ll be expected to draw on what they’ve learned in previous years to move forward in maths, English and science. Whether you’re looking to bone up on past concepts or get a sneak peek at new ones, you can help your child prepare for Year 5 by knowing what they’re likely to be taught.

Download TheSchoolRun's Year 5 Taster Pack for free for an overview of what your child will learn and some English, maths and science activities to try at home with them.

Year 5 maths

Children in Year 5 will be expected to be confident enough with addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to know which one to use in what situation.They need to be confident in their methods for using all four operations with larger numbers (three digits and then four digits). They should also be able to see how maths fits into everyday life, and other areas of study.

Children will be learning about fractions, decimals and percentages. They will need to calculate the area and perimeter of different shapes.  Children will need to solve measurement problems that involve converting between units of measurement. They will learn to draw and measure angles and also calculate the size of missing angles. They will need to interpret information in line graphs and tables.

Our Year 5 maths parents' guide offers a more detailed look at the curriculum.

Practice makes perfect! Use our free Year 5 maths worksheets to review times tables, fractions, percentages and more.

Year 5 English

In Year 5, children will read a range of different genres. They will continue to use their skills of inference of characters' motives and feelings and will start to think about figurative language and how it is used. They will learn to spell a variety of more sophisticated words with different prefixes and suffixes

When writing a text, they will carefully select vocabulary (including adverbs) and use a variety of presentational devices to structure text (including time connectives). They will use a range of punctuation correctly, including brackets, dashes and commas.

Read more about the Year 5 English curriculum in our introductory guide.

Year 5 science

This year, children will learn about:

Living things and their habitats, including lifecycles of a mammal, amphibian, insect and bird.

Animals including humans, focusing on changes from birth to old age.

Properties and changes of materials, including dissolving, separating and reversible changes.

Earth and space, looking at the movement of the sun, earth and moon.

Forces, including gravity, air resistance, water resistance and friction.