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What your child learns in Year 4 maths, English and science

Student in Year 4
Help your child prepare for the concepts and topics covered in Year 4 by knowing ahead of time what they’ll be learning in class.

As the homework assignments your child brings home get more and more complicated, it can be difficult to know what sort of help they’ll need each week. Understanding the basic areas they’re likely to cover in Year 4 can prepare you for the questions your child might ask, so you’re ready with the right worksheets and activities!

Download TheSchoolRun's Year 4 Taster Pack for free for an overview of what your child will learn and some English, maths and science activities to try at home with them.

Year 4 maths

In Year 4, your child will be learning to add and subtract numbers with up to four digits using column addition and subtraction. They will continue to learn their times tables, so that by the end of the year they are confident in all of them up to the 12 times table. This will then help them in moving onto multiplying three-digit numbers by a one-digit number.

Year 4 children will solve problems involving fractions and be introduced to decimals. They will need to find the perimeter and area of shapes, convert between units of measurement and convert between the 12-hour and 24-hour clock. Children will do further work on angles and co-ordinates. They will also need to interpret and present data in bar charts and line graphs.

With all of the areas of maths covered in Year 4, it’s good to check that your child understands everything they’re being taught. Look through our detailed Year 4 maths introduction guide and browse through our free Year 4 maths worksheets to help them focus on any problem areas.

Year 4 English

Children will be increasing their familiarity with a wide range of genres of writing. They will be preparing poems and play scripts to read aloud and perform. They will be thinking about inference and making predictions about what is going to happen in a story. 

When it comes to writing, they should become much more confident this year with joining their handwriting and keeping it as neat and legible as possible. They will be thinking carefully about the setting, characters and plot in their stories and how to structure a text, including use of paragraphs. They will be using apostrophes to mark plural possession. They should also become more confident in including dialogue in their stories, including the correct use of speech marks.

Read about the Year 4 English curriculum in our guide for parents.

Have your child practice writing for purpose, sentence structure and reading comprehension with our range of free Year 4 English worksheets.

Year 4 science

This year children will be learning about:

Living things and their habitats, including classifying living things and looking at changes to environments.

Animals including humans, focusing on eating: teeth, the digestive system and food chains.

States of matter, including grouping materials, changing state, evaporation and condensation.

Sound, looking at creation of sound through vibration and changes in pitch and volume.

Electricity, including constructing a circuit and understanding conductors and insulators.

With a number of terms to memorise and more processes to get to grips with, it helps to practise everything at home so your child is fully prepared for their science classes. Download and print off our free Year 4 science worksheets so your child can check how well they understand electricity, the parts of a plant and properties of materials and read a detailed guide to the Year 4 science curriculum.

It’s not time for Key Stage 2 SATs yet, but it never hurts to be prepared! Have a look at what your child will learn in Year 5 and Year 6 so you’ll be ready for the sorts of assignments they’ll bring home. Remind yourselves of what’s already been taught in Reception, Year 1, Year 2 and Year 3 with our handy guides.

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