Year 6 maths: what your child learns

Your child might be becoming quite the whiz with numbers by now. Find out how their maths knowledge will be developed in year 6.

Year 6 maths will include new work and revision of earlier topics. Children should be working on three-step problems now, using addition, subtraction, multiplication and division. They are encouraged to work independently, deciding themselves on the best method of solving a problem, and then estimating their results and checking to see if they are correct. Revision will help to prepare them for KS2 SATs and secondary school – if they do not have a grasp of certain mathematical methods now, children struggle to move on to the next step.

Maths is taught through mental, practical and written lessons, and where possible, the children are shown how it links to other areas of the curriculum, such as science or ICT, as well as everyday life.

Y6 maths – your child will be:

Number and place value

  • Reading, writing, ordering and comparing numbers to 10,000,000
  • Calculating intervals across zero


Fractions, decimals and percentages

  • Simplifying fractions
  • Comparing and ordering fractions
  • Adding and subtracting fractions with different denominators
  • Multiplying pairs of proper fractions, giving the answer in its simplest form
  • Dividing proper fractions by whole numbers
  • Multiplying and dividing numbers by 10, 100 and 1000
  • Multiplying one-digit numbers with up to two decimal places by whole numbers
  • Using written division methods in cases where the answer has up to two decimal places

Ratio and propotion

  • Finding percentages of amounts
  • Solving problems involving shapes and scale factors



  • Converting between units of measurement, using decimal notation up to three decimal places
  • Working out the perimeter and area of shapes (including parallelograms and triangles)
  • Working out the volume of cubes and cuboids


  • Drawing a 2D shape using given dimensions and angles
  • Finding unknown angles in any triangle, quadrilateral and regular polygon
  • Illustrating and naming parts of circles, including radius, diameter and circumference
  • Recognising angles where they meet at a point, are on a straight line or are vertically opposite
  • Plotting coordinates on all four quadrants
  • Drawing and translating simple shapes on the coordinate plane and reflecting them in the axes


Try this at home

  • When your child has homework, ask them to explain their methods. It will help both of you to get a clear idea of what’s expected
  • Encourage your child not to be afraid to ask for help from the teacher if something is proving particularly tricky
  • If you’re going on a journey, ask your child to look at a map and try to work out the distance you’ll be travelling and the direction you’ll take
  • For practice with money, try a game of Monopoly 

To help put your child's learning into practice look through our year 6 maths worksheets and activities and play some year 6 maths games. You can also download a Y6 mental maths mini-test.

Check your Y6 child's progress in maths with our free Y6 maths Progress checks, three mini-tests for the autumn, spring and summer terms.